Monday, August 3, 2015

The Ram's Skin and the Outside Coverings

Exodus 26:14 NIV
"Make for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of hides of sea cows."
 


Rams were used to consecrate the Priests. One was used for the consecration and another was burnt as an offering. Jesus Christ did both in himself. He was both the consecrated priest and the offering for our sins.

The ram's skins were dyed red to represent the blood Jesus shed. 

Hebrews 9:22
"For without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness."

No one knows for certain what the outside covering was. It is called many different things is various modern translations. What we do know is that it was some sort of tough leather that could take a beating, like Jesus did for us. It was not an attractive covering.

Isaiah 53:2
"There was nothing beautiful or majestic about his appearance, nothing to attract us to him."

This unattractive covering protected all the exquisite beauty inside. Non-believers can't see the beauty of our Savior. All they see is an ordinary man (leather) or maybe a great spiritual leader (fine leather). As believers we have the wonderful privilege of gazing on the exquisite beauty of Jesus Christ our Savior.

*Hersberger, Ervin N. (2010) Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle. Harrisonburg, VA: Vision Publishers.

MEMORY VERSES
Sin's Penalty
Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:23
Sin's Penalty

Sin's Penalty
Hebrews 9:27
Just as people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgement.
Hebrews 9:27
Sin's Penalty

Sunday, August 2, 2015

The Goat-hair Covering

Exodus 26:7-9
"Make eleven curtains of goat-hair cloth to serve as a tent covering for the Tabernacle. These eleven curtains must all be exactly the same size - 45 feet long and 6 feet wide. Join five of these curtains together to make one long curtain, and join the other six into a second long curtain. Allow 3 feet of material from the second set of curtains to hang over the front of the sacred tent."
 


The goat-hair has a double meaning. It typifies our sin and then the offering made to cover that sin.

Moses was told to make 11 curtains from the goat-hair. The number 11 represents human failure, confusion, and judgement. So has goat-hair. Think of Jacob deceiving Isaac (Gen. 27:11, 16) and Michal deceiving Saul's messengers (1 Sam. 19:12-17). In Matthew 25:31-46 the goats were the ones who were rejected.

There were six curtains joined highlighting our fall from grace. Three feet of the sixth curtain hung down over the front of the tent making this part of the goat-hair covering always visible from the area in the front of the Tabernacle. So their sin was always before them as they approached God. Even if we've been forgiven, our sin is ever before us. We need Jesus to continually cleanse and sanctify us. Our sin nature is still very much alive. It has been paralyzed from the neck down. Now all it can do is shout at us and accuse us.

God calls the goat-hair part of the covering, the tent. Other scriptures call our bodies a temporary tent. We groan as we wait for the redemption of our bodies. "Our flesh must be controlled, but it will not be eradicated until it is vacated."*

The goat-hair also represents Jesus as our sin offering. "The Bible specifies eleven occasions when goats were to be used for a sin offering (Lev. 4:22-26, 27-28; 9:3; Nu. 15:22-24; 28:11, 17, 22, 29; 29:5, 11, 16-38)."* Each of these represent Jesus Christ as the one who atones us.

There is also the scapegoat upon which the priest laid the sins of the people before sending it out into the wilderness. Jesus took our sins upon himself and disposed of them as far as the east is from the west.

Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

*Hersberger, Ervin N. (2010) Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle. Harrisonburg, VA: Vision Publishers.

MEMORY VERSES
Sin's Penalty
Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:23
Sin's Penalty

Sin's Penalty
Hebrews 9:27
Just as people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgement.
Hebrews 9:27
Sin's Penalty

Saturday, August 1, 2015

The Linen Curtain

Exodus 26:1-6
"Make the Tabernacle from ten curtains of finely woven linen. Decorate the curtains with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and with skillfully embroidered cherubim. These ten curtains must be exactly the same size - 28 cubits long, and 4 cubits wide. Join five of these curtains together to make one long curtain, then join the other five into a second long curtain. Put loops of blue yarn along the edge of the last curtain in each set. The fifty loops along the edge of one curtain are to match the fifty loops along the edge of the other curtain. Then make fifty gold clasps and fasten the long curtains together with the clasps. In this way, the Tabernacle will be made of one continuous piece."
 


The linen curtain is the only one that specifies the fine linen before the colors. Flax, which is grown in the soil, is used to make linen. So what Jesus did for us while he was a human living on the earth is represented in this curtain.

"While we do not try to prove anything by our typological numbers, the recorded facts do present interesting combinations. Some of them surely were more than mere coincidence. We agree that the fine linen was a product of the earth (4), which was the width of each strip, and its quality was perfect (7). Quality (7), times the width (4), equals the length (28) of each strip. Only by grace (5) is righteousness obtained, and five coupled to five (grace upon grace!) equals ten (the number of completeness), ALL BY GOD'S GRACE THROUGH JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD!"*

As if this weren't enough to convince us, there were fifty loops of blue (the Heavenly One) yarn and fifty gold clasps to attach the two pieces together. "Fifty was not an arbitrary number but one for which there is not substitute: 5 X 10 = GRACE COMPLETED."*

It also represents the year of Jubilee. The Year of Jubilee was celebrated every fifty years. That was when the Jews were commanded to set all their captives free and cancel all debts. That is exactly what Jesus did for us on the cross!

Thank you, Jesus, for all the wonderful reminders of what you did for us! Too often I forget to remember that I am no longer a captive. I've been set free and my sin debt has been cancelled! Hallelujah!!

*Hersberger, Ervin N. (2010) Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle. Harrisonburg, VA: Vision Publishers.

MEMORY VERSES
All Have Sinned
Romans 3:23
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:23
All Have Sinned

All Have Sinned
Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:6
All Have Sinned

Friday, July 31, 2015

The Lampstand

Exodus 25:36
"Make a lampstand of pure gold. Make the entire lampstand and its decorations of one piece - the base, center stem, lamp cups, buds and petals.



The lampstand was pure, hammered gold. Being only gold denotes Jesus' deity. It was hammered showing that he took on our punishment. Since there are no dimensions, we are reminded that God has no boundaries or limitations.

According to Hershberger there were three stages of maturity represented in the almond blossoms. This suggests "everbearing and perpetual fruitfulness, possible only in Christ."*

The one central stem represents Christ, while the six (number of man) branches represent the church. We are completely dependent on Jesus.

John 5:15
I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.

Of course, the oil that was used in the lampstand represents the Holy Spirit. It was made from beaten olives. We grieve the Holy Spirit when we don't follow his leading.

Lord, thank you for this reminder of my dependence on you! Help me not to grieve the Holy Spirit. Help me to be always willing to follow your leading! In Jesus' name, amen.

*Hersberger, Ervin N. (2010) Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle. Harrisonburg, VA: Vision Publishers.

MEMORY VERSES
All Have Sinned
Romans 3:23
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:23
All Have Sinned

All Have Sinned
Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:6
All Have Sinned

Thursday, July 30, 2015

The Table and the Bread

Exodus 25:23-25 & 30
"Then make a table of acacia wood, 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 27 inches high.* Overlay it with pure gold and run a gold molding around the edge. Decorate it with a 3-inch border all around, and run a gold molding along the border."

"Place the Bread of the Presence on the table to remain before me at all times."

*Hebrew 2 cubits long, 1 cubit wide, and 1.5 cubits high.

This graphic was borrowed from http://www.templebuildersministry.com


The table is made of both wood and gold which again reminds us of both Christ's deity and humanity. "He became fully Man to be made Living Bread for us, but He retained His deity that He might be our Eternal Life." *

Colossians 3:3-4
For you tied to this life, and your real life is hidden with Christ in God. And when Christ, who is your life, is revealed to the whole world, you will share in all his glory.

Dimensions:
1 cubit wide = unity
2 cubits long = fellowship, union with Christ
1 1/2 cubits high =  3 half-cubits = the Trinity
As Christians, we have fellowship with our High Priest at the communion table.

There is a border all around the table which is topped with a crown. This reminds us that Jesus is King of Kings and Lord of Lords! Revelation 19:16

Strong's Concordance translates the Hebrew word border as "something enclosing, a stronghold". This stronghold encloses the 12 loaves (12 Tribes) showing that he protects his people. The crown shows that he has the authority and power to protect us. 

Isaiah 49:15-16
"Never! Can a mother forget her nursing child?
Can she feel no love for the child she has borne?
But even if that were possible,
I would not forget you!
See, I have written your name on the palms of my hands."

According to Leviticus 24:5-9 the bread was made of fine flour baked into cakes. The fine flour suggest complete perfection seen in Jesus Christ. No one eats just flour so it was baked. We cannot be saved by Jesus' life. Salvation comes from his death. Jesus indeed is our true bread from heaven.

"Cakes (Lev. 24:5), translated from the Hebrew word challah (#2471 in Strong's Concordance), is 'a cake (as usually punctured).' Young's Concordance defines it as 'a perforated cake.' The body of Christ was punctured fivefold on the cross."*

Thank you, Jesus for all these reminders of the sacrifice you made for me! I'm so glad that you are the King of Kings and Lord of Lords! You have absolute power and authority to protect and keep me. And you will never forget me! In Jesus' name, amen.

MEMORY VERSES
All Have Sinned
Romans 3:23
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:23
All Have Sinned

All Have Sinned
Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:6
All Have Sinned

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

The Carrying Poles of the Ark

Exodus 25:13-15
"Make poles from acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. Insert the poles into the rings at the sides of the Ark to carry it. These carrying poles must stay inside the rings; never remove them."



Cool!! I just saw something that wasn't mentioned in the book I'm using to enhance my study of Exodus 25, (See yesterday's post: Symbolism in the Ark of the Covenant). The carrying poles were made of acacia wood and gold, signifying both Christ's deity and humanity. They were never to be removed from their rings.

It's the combination of Jesus' deity and humanity that carries salvation to us. Without both Jesus' deity and his humanity, we cannot be saved. This cannot be removed from the equation.

Thank you, Holy Spirit, for helping me to see this! I love how this part of the scripture, which has always been so dry for me before, has now come alive. It's like I've entered a hidden cave that is sparkling with precious jewels just waiting for me to mine them!

Lord, your ways are so wonderful! I love and praise you! In Jesus' name, amen.

MEMORY VERSES
All Have Sinned
Romans 3:23
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:23
All Have Sinned

All Have Sinned
Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:6
All Have Sinned

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Symbolism In the Ark of the Covenant

Exodus 25:10-11
"Have the people make an Ark of acacia wood - a sacred chest 45 inches long, 27 inches wide, and 27 inches high. Overlay it inside and outside with pure gold, and run a molding of gold all around it.



I'm using the book, "Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle" by Ervin N. Hershberger to deepen and compliment my study of this section of scripture.

According to Hershberger, the gold represents the deity and glory of Jesus Christ and the Shittim Wood (acacia wood) represents the incorruptible humanity of Christ.* So the fact that both were used in the making of the Ark of the Covenant points to the reality that Jesus was both fully God and fully human. If he was not fully God, then the cross would not have been sufficient to cover our sins. If he was not fully human, then the sacrifice would not have applied to us.

Thank you, Jesus for being both totally God and totally human for my sake!

Even the dimensions of the Ark have symbolic significance: 
Length: 2 1/2 cubits = 5 half-cubits or units of measure: 5 = Grace
Breadth and height: 1 1/2 cubits = 3 half-cubits: 3 = Trinity
Vertical girth: 4 x 1 1/2 = 6 cubits: 6 = the number of man
Horizontal girth: 2 x 2 1/2 + 2 x 1/2 = 5 + 3 = 8 cubits: 8 = New Beginning*

"Maybe that's manipulating numbers, but it simply illustrates what the Bible plainly teaches: the Trinity (3), by Grace (5), offers Man (6) a New Beginning (8). 'If any man be in Christ, he is a NEW CREATURE: old things are passed away; all things are become NEW' (2 Cor. 5:17)." *

Lord, Jesus! I want to remain in you! I praise you for the symbolism found in the Ark and for the new beginning you gave me.

Lord, God, you are so awesome and mighty! Only YOU could have worked out all these details hundreds of years before Christ was even born. I praise your great and Holy name! In Jesus' name, amen.

*Hersberger, Ervin N. (2010) Seeing Christ in the Tabernacle. Harrisonburg, VA: Vision Publishers.

MEMORY VERSES
All Have Sinned
Romans 3:23
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:23
All Have Sinned

All Have Sinned
Isaiah 53:6
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:6
All Have Sinned